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尼古拉·德拉钦斯基:1950年代前苏联摄影师尼古拉·德拉钦斯基的中国探索之旅(Nikolay Drachinsky:Sentimental Journey of Soviet Photographer Nikolay Drachinsky to China of 1950s)

添加时间:2017年08月04日 访问次数:


 

策展人:伊琳娜·契梅瑞娃博士,艾拉

 

 


 

作者简介:

       尼古拉·德拉钦斯基(1917-1978)出生于乌克兰,摄影家、作家、记者、编辑、影展策展人。 作为前苏联列宁共产主义青年团(共青团)成员,自1938年,一直在前苏联远东地区(符拉迪沃斯托克地区)工作;二战期间担任战地记者,于1954年迁居至莫斯科。作为OGONYOK杂志的特约记者,在1954-1960年间,他曾在该杂志上发表了多篇文章与摄影作品,并陆续发表了几篇境外(中国、埃及、巴勒斯坦、叙利亚)游记。1960-1965间担任消息报(IZVESTIA)执行编辑。1965年成为ORBIT机构的负责人,该机构主要展览前苏联境内外的旅行照片。1969年策划了旅行照片展览,即《照片-70,前苏联:摄影的国度与人民》,该展览共收集了1000 张照片,其中500 张是关于前苏联的。 该作品展除在前苏联境内展出外,在美国也曾展出,1976-1978期间,还在160多个国家展出。就在1976-1978年间,德拉钦斯基发明了一种新型彩色照片的拍摄方法。1978年这位摄影师在莫斯科离世。

 

 

 

 

 

Artist Bio:

        Nikolay DRACHINSKY (1917 - 1978) is a photographer, writer, journalist, editor, curator of photographic exhibitions. Was born in Ukraine. Member of Kommunist Lenin's Youth Union (Komsomol), as a member of this organization he had a work at Soviet Far East (region of Vladivostok) since 1938; he worked as military journalist during WWII. In 1954 Drachinsky moved to Moscow; 1954 - 1960 - special correspondent of OGONYOK illustrated magazine, where his photographs and articles were published. During these years several books of stories from foreign travels (China, Egypt, Paliestine, Syria) by Drachinsky were published. 1960-1965 - executive editor of IZVESTIA state newspaper. In 1965 he is a director of ORBITA organization, built for production of travel photo exhibitions for Soviet Union and abroad. In 1969 Drachinsky became to be a head of travel exhibition PHOTO-70, Soviet Union: Country and People in art photography, which collected 1000 images of 500 Soviet photographs. This exhibition was shown in USA and more then 160 countries of world in 1970-1976. In 1976-1978 Drachinsky worked with new experimental methods of color photography. Died in Moscow.

 

 

 

 

 


 

策展前言:

        1958年,年轻乐观的摄影师尼古拉·德拉钦斯基受前苏联《OGONYOK》插图杂志的委托,写了一篇中国新民主主义的报道。为了写这篇报道,德拉钦斯基从19581959年间多次到访中国。他的文章和照片分5OGONYOK》杂志上刊登,此后《中国之旅》系列作品集结成书出版,并分别有俄文、德文和中文版70年后再回看旅程的影像资料,我们依然饶有兴趣。德拉钦斯基最初的拍摄多为刻板印象,随后他的照片愈加亲切、富有诗意满怀真情。这位前苏联记者曾游历上海、北京以及中国中南部地区,深入到中国的家庭、学校、城市公园、小乡村,他看到了世界著名的纪念碑以及一些遥远的不为人所知的美丽风景。本次展览讲述现代苏维埃文明如何慢慢渗入中国生活的过程,展出的照片也记录了二十世纪五十年代后期中国变迁。

 

Project Introduction:

        Young and optimistic Soviet photographer Nikolay DRACHINSKY had a commission from OGONYOK illustrated magazine to make a story about new Democratic CHINA in 1958. For making this reportage Drachinsky visited country several times in 1958-1959. His articles and photographs were published in five issues of OGONYOK magazine and later CHINESE TRAVEL by Nikolay Drachinsky was published as a book on Russian, German and Chinese languages. After 70 years it is interesting to observe the visual archive of that journey. Started from stereotypes, Drachinsky's images became to be more and more intimate and poetically sentimental. He visited Shanghai and Beijing, Central and Southern regions. Soviet journalist was able to come in families and students camps, city parks and small villages, to review the world-famous monuments and beautiful unknown landscapes. The exhibition tells the story about the representative of very modern Soviet civilization slowly fallen into eternal Chinese life. Also the images are full of remarks of contemporary changes in China in late 1950s.

 

 


 

作品欣赏:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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