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【美国】温德尔·A·怀特:黑人学校( Wendel A. White: Schools for the Colored )by燕妮

添加时间:2018年08月03日 访问次数:


作者简介:

温德尔·怀特(Wendel A. White)出生于新泽西州的纽瓦克,在纽约、宾夕法尼亚州和新泽西州长大。他获得了纽约视觉艺术学院的摄影学士学位和德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校的摄影硕士学位。怀特曾在纽约视觉艺术学院(纽约)、库珀高等科学艺术联盟学院(纽约)、国际摄影中心(纽约)和罗切斯特理工学院(纽约)的摄影专业任教,现为斯托克顿大学(新泽西州)艺术与美国研究系的杰出教授。

他曾获得多项奖项和奖学金,包括约翰古根海姆基金会摄影奖学金,新泽西州艺术委员会的三个艺术家奖学金和圣达菲中心(选择陪审委员会)的资助,格雷厄姆美术高等研究基金会奖学金,和新作品摄影奖学金。

他的作品被许多私人和公共机构收藏,包括:杜克大学、新泽西州国家博物馆、加州综合研究所、伊利诺伊州芝加哥格雷厄姆美术高等研究基金会、纽约罗切斯特理工学院、德克萨斯州休斯顿美术博物馆、伊利诺伊州芝加哥当代摄影博物馆、宾夕法尼亚州哈弗福德学院、纽布伦斯威克美国强生、大通曼哈顿银行、特拉华大学、阿拉巴马大学、威斯康星州马凯特大学哈盖蒂艺术博物馆、以及纽约哈勒姆区的朔姆堡黑人文化研究中心。

怀特曾担任摄影教育协会董事会主席,任期3年。他还曾在柯达教育咨询委员会、新泽西州户外雕塑、大西洋城历史博物馆和新泽西黑人文化和遗产基金会任职。怀特曾是新泽西人文学会理事会的董事会成员,并担任董事会主席,为期三年。

 

怀特最近的作品包括:《红色夏天》、《清单》、《有色人种学校》、《和平村:以色列的非裔美国人社区》、《小镇》、《黑人生活》等。史密森尼杂志上“史密森尼最新博物馆藏品中的杰出作品”(20169月刊)这篇文章选择了《清单》里的图片作为其主题,致力于非洲裔美国历史和文化国家博物馆的开幕。

 

Artist Bio

 Wendel A. White was born in Newark, New Jersey and grew up in New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. He was awarded a BFA in photography from the School of Visual Arts in New York and an MFA in photography from the University of Texas at Austin. White taught photography at the School of Visual Arts (NY); The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science & Art (NY); the International Center for Photography (NY); Rochester Institute of Technology (NY); and is currently Distinguished Professor of Art & American Studies at Stockton University (NJ). 

He has received various awards and fellowships including a John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship in Photography, three artist fellowships from the New Jersey State Council for the Arts and grants from Center Santa Fe (Juror’s Choice), the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts, and a New Works Photography Fellowship from EnFoco Inc.

His work is represented in public and private collections including: Duke University; the New Jersey State Museum; California Institute for Integral Studies; The Graham Foundation for the Advancement of the Fine Arts Chicago, IL; EnFoco, New York, NY; Rochester Institute of Technology, NY; The Museum of Fine Art, Houston, TX; Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, IL; Haverford College, PA; Johnson and Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ; Chase Manhattan Bank; University of Delaware; University of Alabama; Haggerty Museum of Art at Marquette University, WI; and the NYPL Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, NY. 

White has served on the board of directors for the Society for Photographic Education, three years as board chair. He has also served on the Kodak Educational Advisory Council, NJ Save Outdoor Sculpture, the Atlantic City Historical Museum, and the New Jersey Black Culture and Heritage Foundation. White was a board member, including three years as board chair, of the New Jersey Council for the Humanities.

Recent projects include; Red SummerManifest,Schools for the ColoredVillage of Peace: An African American Community in IsraelSmall Towns, Black Lives, and others. A selection of images from the Manifestproject are the subject of a Smithsonian Magazine article, “The Powerful Objects from the Collections of the Smithsonian’s Newest Museum”(in the Sept 2016 issue), dedicated to the opening of the National Museum of African American History and Culture.


展览前言

  摄影师W.E.B.杜博斯的作品“黑人的灵魂”描述了他早期的校园经历,“..我有着与众不同的外表;但希望与他人有同样的心灵,生活和憧憬,然而一个巨大的面纱将我隔绝在他们的世界之外” 。

 “黑人学校”是‘小城镇,黑人生活’项目中摄影作品和社会概念的延伸;也是我体验美国黑人生活的延续。在作品“黑人学校”里,我开始关注种族隔离学校的一些建筑物和遗址(包括学校旧址)。

 这些照片描绘了种族隔离学校的建筑物和景观,其位于美国北部沿南边界。这片区域有时被称为南上包括与奴隶州接壤的北方“自由”州。“黑人学校”代表了美国文化中体现的种族差异的对立性。 “面纱”(利用数字成像技术遮蔽学校周围景观)是杜博斯概念的一种表现形式,进而体现这些照片的叙述视角。一些照片中所描绘的原址已不复存在;作为替代品,我嵌入了原始建筑的轮廓或我想象的原始建筑的外观。美国教育体系内的‘黑人学校’主要分布在新泽西州,宾夕法尼亚州,俄亥俄州,印第安纳州和伊利诺伊州南部地区,种族隔离学校的建筑与地理是这个项目中的核心。

 

Project Introduction:

In W.E.B. DuBois' The Souls of Black Folk he describes an early school experience, "... I was different from the others; or like, mayhap, in heart and life and longing, but shut out from their world by a vast veil" 

Schools for the Colored is an extension of the photographic work and social concepts in the project Small Towns, Black Lives, in that; it is a continuation of my journey through the African American landscape. I began making photographs of historically African American school buildings during the very first weeks of the Small Towns, Black Lives project more than twenty-five years ago. In Schools for the Colored I began to pay attention to the many structures and sites (also making photographs of places where buildings once stood) that operated as segregated schools.

These photographs depict the buildings and landscapes that were associated with the system of racially segregated schools established at the southern boundaries of the northern United States. This area, sometimes referred to as “Up-South,” encompasses the northern “free” states that bordered the slave states. Schools for the Colored is the representation the duality of racial distinction within American culture. The “veil” (the digital imaging technique of obscuring the landscape surrounding the schools) is a representation of DuBois’ concept, informing the visual narrative in these photographs. Some of the images depict sites where the original structure is no longer present. As a placeholder, I have inserted silhouettes of the original building or what I imagine of the appearance of the original building. The architecture and geography of America’s educational Apartied, in the form of a system of “colored schools,” within the landscape of southern New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois is the central concern of this project.   


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